Tanker vessels (including gas carriers, crude oil carriers, product tankers, chemical tankers) carry a range of liquid bulk cargoes including crude oil, petroleum products, liquefied gas, chemicals, vegetable oils, molasses, fresh water and wine.
This international convention was adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 1973, and later updated in 1978 after several severe tanker accidents. The combined instrument (MARPOL 73/78) entered into force on 2 October 1983.
Guide to Port Entry IS Innovation of the Year 2013
I have been meaning to blog more often and really haven't managed it. Good intentions and all that. But today I have a 'real' reason to blog so here goes. Last night at the PPA Digital Publishing Awards, our flagship publication Guide to Port Entry won the Innovation of the Year Award for 2013. Amid all the apps and websites and datafeeds of the UK digital publishing industry, a book was the most innovative entry. Sounds slightly mad, doesn't it?
But it's well deserved. The Guide has always been innovative, since our founder Colin Pielow put together the first edition from scraps of notes about ports he had been collecting. Back in 1971, no one was sure there would be a demand for a such a book, but Colin's hunch proved correct. The 2nd Edition in 1973 added port plans and in 1975, the 3rd contained detailed information about Soviet-era Russian ports, the first western publication to do so.
As such, we hope to clarify these different terms for you in the information provided below.
The UK economy is the seventh largest in the world and domestic UK ports play a vital role in the UK economy. UK ports are amongst the most competitive and efficient in the world, they handle over 95% of UK imports and exports and in 2008, the value of trade through British ports was around £340 billion. Although the global recession during 2009 and 2010 has had an impact on the amount of traffic through ports in the UK, domestic ports and shipping still make a sizeable contribution to the UK economy.
Parasitic worms - correctly called helminths - that cause diseases in humans, are not related to earthworms, in spite of the appearance of some of them. Many different species are found in various parts of the world. Mariners may therefore be at risk, not only when they go ashore but also from those that parasitise some of the animals carried as cargo or as shipboard pets.